Thursday, June 9, 2011

Corruption in India

China is the most populous nation in the world but we hardly hear about corruption there. The society, the political system, the judiciary, and the bureaucratic system seem to be better in China. The transparency international always ranks India among the top most nations as far as corruption is concerned. Almost everyday the anti corruption bureau officials catch several officials who are corrupt. Corruption seems to be a way of life for the government officials from a junior assistant to the cabinet secretary level. The recent satyam computers fiasco is an example for the spread of corruption to the private organisations too.

The satyam computers chief executive officer inflated the balance sheets to attract more investors. He had also withdrew several crores of rupees by inflating the number of employees. The illegal money thus earned was spent on buying land, and for other personal purposes. Since the satyam's CEO bought land on benami names in and around Hyderabad, the land value has increased due to scarcity. According to the media reports, he bought several thousands of acres of land at various locations in India, thus depriving the poor people even to live in cities.

At the government levels too the corruption is rampant in 1. The implementation of welfare programmes for the poor, 2. Construction of various infrastructure projects such as irrigation dams, banks, electricity or power projects, roads, communications, educational institutions like schools and universities. hospitals, and housing projects, etc.

When ever a welfare or developmental scheme is announced by the government, some greedy politicians and bureaucrats look for loopholes in the scheme and find out the ways to divert the sanctioned amount. Such an attitude among the leaders seem to be responsible for many social evils like child labour, bonded labour, poverty, unemployment, etc. In India politics is a lucrative profession to earn money easily without doing any hard work. The political corruption is also prevalent in promotions of officials, new appointments, sanctioning tenders for constructing the developmental projects, expanding a business activity or the commencement of a new business activity, etc. Thus there has been corruption in all the three types of economic activity like the primary, secondary and tertiary economic activities.

Whatever money thus earned would be spent for the election process to get elected again. The legislators must spend money to become a minister and even a chief minister of a state. For instance, Chandrababu naidu bought many legislators to become the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh state after back stabbing his father in law and former chief minister a few years ago.

Heavy population and meagre resources to meet demands is one of the main reasons for prevalence of corruption in India. According to some reports even the investigating agencies do involve in corrupt activities.


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